Snippets from CIA World Factbook on Chile

Geography

Elevation extremes:
lowest point: Pacific Ocean 0 m
highest point: Nevado Ojos del Salado 6,880 m

Natural resources: copper, timber, iron ore, nitrates, precious metals, molybdenum, hydropower

Natural hazards: severe earthquakes, active volcanism, tsunamis

Environmental issues: widespread deforestation and mining threaten natural resources, air pollution from industrial and vehicle emissions, water pollution from raw sewage

People

Population: 16,601,707 (July 2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 60

Age structure:
0-14 years: 23.2% (male 1,966,017/female 1,877,963)
15-64 years: 67.8% (male 5,625,963/female 5,628,146)
65 years and over: 9.1% (male 627,746/female 875,872) (2010 est.)

Median age:
total: 31.7 years
male: 30.7 years
female: 32.8 years (2010 est.)

Population growth rate: 0.881% (2010 est.)
country comparison to the world: 138

Urbanization:
urban population: 88% of total population (2008)
rate of urbanization: 1.3% annual rate of change (2005-10 est.)

Sex ratio:
at birth: 1.05 male(s)/female
under 15 years: 1.05 male(s)/female
15-64 years: 1 male(s)/female
65 years and over: 0.72 male(s)/female
total population: 0.98 male(s)/female (2010 est.)

Life expectancy at birth:
total population: 77.34 years
country comparison to the world: 56
male: 74.07 years
female: 80.77 years (2010 est.)

Ethnic groups: white and white-Amerindian 95.4%, Mapuche 4%, other indigenous groups 0.6% (2002 census)

Religions: Roman Catholic 70%, Evangelical 15.1%, Jehovah’s Witness 1.1%, other Christian 1%, other 4.6%, none 8.3% (2002 census)

Languages: Spanish (official), Mapudungun, German, English

Literacy:
definition: age 15 and over can read and write
total population: 95.7%
male: 95.8%
female: 95.6% (2002 census)

Economy

Economic overview: free trade, export-based economy accounting for 1/4 of GDP, rule-based countercyclical fiscal policy of accumulating surplus in times of high copper prices and allowing deficits only during periods of low copper prices and growth.

GDP (purchasing power parity): $242.2 billion (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 47
$246.4 billion (2008 est.)
$238.8 billion (2007 est.)
note: data are in 2009 US dollars

GDP – real growth rate:
-1.7% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 141
3.2% (2008 est.)
4.7% (2007 est.)

GDP – per capita (PPP):
$14,600 (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 76
$15,000 (2008 est.)
$14,600 (2007 est.)
note: data are in 2009 US dollars

GDP – composition by sector:
agriculture: 5.6%
industry: 34.5%
services: 51.9% (2008 est.)

Labor force:
7.42 million (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 60

Labor force – by occupation:
agriculture: 13.2%
industry: 23%
services: 63.9% (2005)

Unemployment rate: 9.6% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 115
7.8% (2008 est.)

Population below poverty line: 18.2% (2005)

Household income or consumption by percentage share:
lowest 10%: 1.6%
highest 10%: 41.7% (2006)

Inflation rate (consumer prices): 1.5% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 56
8.7% (2008 est.)

Agriculture: grapes, apples, pears, onions, wheat, corn, oats, peaches, garlic, asparagus, beans, beef, poultry, wool, fish, timber

Industries: copper, other minerals, foodstuffs, fish processing, iron and steel, wood and wood products, transport equipment, cement, textiles

Industrial production growth rate: -4.1% (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 106

Exports: $53.74 billion (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 44
$66.46 billion (2008 est.)

Exports – commodities: copper, fruit, fish products, paper and pulp, chemicals, wine

Exports – partners: China 16.46%, US 11.31%, Japan 9.06%, South Korea 6.49%, Brazil 4.64%, Mexico 4.09% (2009)

Imports: $39.75 billion (2009 est.)
country comparison to the world: 50
$57.62 billion (2008 est.)

Imports – commodities: petroleum and petroleum products, chemicals, electrical and telecommunications equipment, industrial machinery, vehicles, natural gas

Imports – partners: US 21.77%, China 12.76%, Argentina 9.55%, Brazil 6.46%, South Korea 5.35% (2009)

Exchange rates: Chilean pesos (CLP) per US dollar – 569.37 (2009), 509.02 (2008), 526.25 (2007), 530.29 (2006), 560.09 (2005)

Communications

Telephones – main lines in use: 3.526 million (2008)
country comparison to the world: 43

Telephones – mobile cellular: 14.797 million (2008)
country comparison to the world: 45

Broadcast media: national and local terrestrial television channels, coupled with extensive cable TV networks; the state-owned Television Nacional de Chile (TVN) network is self-financed through commercial advertising revenues and is not under direct government control; large number of privately-owned TV stations; about 250 radio stations (2007)

Internet users: 5.456 million (2008)
country comparison to the world: 43

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