Resilience is a lifelong process of successful adaptation and transformation despite hardship. Factors leading to resiliency include (a) compensating experiences, (b) fewer stressors, (c) supportive environment, and (d) adaptable personality. A man in Sri Lanka, for example, felt responsible for 17 people who had lost their homes and family in the tsunami. He compensated by working, helping out with food, and providing guidance and support. Spirituality and meaning-making are also important. A person needs a sense of purpose to avoid engaging in self-destructive thoughts or behavior.
Kalayjian, Ani, and Dominique Eugene. Mass Trauma and Emotional Healing around the World: Rituals and Practices for Resilience and Meaning-making. Santa Barbara, CA: Praeger, 2010. 107-124. Print.